Resonet Grazioso and Futurama III courtesy of Dusan Palka, California, USA.
No, Futurama guitars were not made by Hofner. They were not even made in Germany. So why a page about them on a Hofner based website? Well..., they were brought into the UK by Selmer as an alternative to their Hofner range in the late 1950's and 1960's, they are attractive, reasonable quality instruments, and.....the Futurama III/Grazioso was arguably the most used individual solid electric guitar in use by the UK's rock bands during those early days before Messrs Fender and Gibson's products appeared in Britain! The Futurama brand name, (because that is what it was - a flash name given to imported instruments by Selmer), was therefore a major feature in early British rock music history.
In very brief, and maybe not totally reliable, terms the story goes something like this:
In 1957/58, Selmer commenced the import of a three pickup solid guitar which was manufactured initially at Blatn in Czechoslovakia by the Resonet Company. (Later taken over by the State and incorporated into the huge Drevokov Co-operative, part of which, called Drevotvar, made furniture and.....electric guitars!!) This guitar had the model name of "Grazioso" and was designed by a Mr Ruzicka who appears to have been the driving force behind all the Resonet guitars. (By the way, Resonet apparently means music played in a graceful, smooth, manner in Czechoslovakian.) No marketing man in the 50's could have lived with product titles like that for very long, so after a short period Selmer changed the name in their catalogue to Futurama. This guitar was the nearest thing to the Stratocaster that was available at that time in Europe, but at 55 guineas was just about affordable to the British. I don't suppose that it should come as any surprise that Resonet gained their inspiration from a genuine Strat that they had imported from the States in 1955!
c1958 Resonet Grazioso/Selmer Futurama Model
This very early version, called simply "Futurama" is the model that George Harrison used. It is characterised by the natural finished maple, or sometimes beech, fingerboard, and the top-mounted jackplug socket. A double sided headstock is fitted with three-on-a-plate tuners, and the white scratchplate covers the majority of the body top. Body material was either beech or maple.
It seems that the earliest models available in the UK had Grazioso on the headstock and Resonet on the upper bout section of the white scratchplate. (George Harrison's guitar had Resonet on the scratchplate, but not Grazioso on the headstock.)
Brian Coan's c1958 Grazioso/Futurama Guitar (Including
Brian's description of this particular guitar's Merseyside heritage !!)
But perhaps it was the electrics that resulted in the Futurama being given the title "The Worlds Most Advanced Electric Guitar" in future catalogues! Three pickups with individual "piano" type toggle switches for every conceivable combination of pickup selections (7No.). Now that certainly was more advanced than the Fender, which only had three combinations in those days! And the tremolo mechanism was pretty sophisticated too. Nothing else in the World, bar the Strat's own trem unit could come near it for engineering excellence, with its individual bridge saddle adjustment and rear mounted springs acting on each string!
Resonet had been producing the Grazioso since late 1955, and as well as the sunburst guitars exported to the UK, several other finishes were available in Czechoslovakia, including red and black. Even an original purple Grazioso has been spotted in Ostrava!
In 1959, this model was replaced by a similar looking instrument that Selmer called the Futurama III, which had a rosewood look-a-like fingerboard (generally a dark stained beech) and a side mounted jackplug socket. The tremolo unit also changed from a two post system to a separate wood mounted bridge unit. The change to a dark fingerboard is the main evidence of the change however. Now, wasn't it at about that time that Fender went onto rosewood boards?
The Futurama III guitar was actually made by a different company in Czechoslovakia called CSHN (or Czechoslovak Music Instruments in English) at Hradec Kralove . Production of this version commenced at Hradec in c1959 as the Grazioso production came to a halt at Resonet/Drevotvar in Blatna due to a change in management and the subsequent move of the afore mentioned Mr Ruzicka, the instigator of the Grazioso, Mr Josef Rika (the Drevotvar production manager) and Mr Vlek (the Drevotvar design engineer) to CSHN in Hradec.
The Hradec Kralove manufactured Futurama III was initially called the "Neoton Star II" (or perhaps Star III)
initially in Czechoslovakia. The "Neoton" trade name was soon dropped
however, being replaced by the trade name of "Jolana" - probably after
the name of Mr Ruzickas's daughter !!
A second twin pickup model was also introduced into the UK by Selmer at this stage called, naturally enough, the Futurama II. This guitar had just been developed by the new team at CSHN, and in Czechoslovakia was called the "Jolana Star I".
c1959/60 Futurama III
c1959/62 Futurama II
The Futurama II, selling at 25 guineas as compared to the III's 45 guineas, was very much the underdog, with a relatively unsophisticated tremolo and simple rotary controls for the electrics. It did have a maple fingerboard however; perhaps the factory were using up old stocks of timber following the III's "up-grading" to rosewood.
c1961/62 Futurama III
The first big upset in the Futurama success story occurred in 1963. The Futurama IIIs appearing in the catalogues and shops at this time, at first glance seemed to be the same apart from a change in finish from sunburst to red/orange, but closer inspection revealed that something else had radically changed. The scratchplate had been reduced in size, and the plastic did not seem to be the same as the original sunburst versions. The headstock had suddenly become pointed in shape. The pickups had now taken on a cheap appearance with chromed plates, probably to facilitate adjustable pole pieces. The body did not have the same feel about it, particularly with the "comfort-contouring" now very apparent. What was going on?
Apparently SHN had commenced production of another version of the Star solid guitar from 1963 onwards; the Star V. This guitar was fitted with "Brilliant Deluxe" pickups. However, the guitar felt and played differently to the old sunburst jobs that we Brits had grown to know and love! OK, what with Hank and his red Strat, every solid sold in the country had to be red, and the guitar was still sold with the lovely light grey crocodile skin Selmer cases (at extra cost of course). But the change of the Futurama III/StarIII to Futurama III/Star V was more than skin-deep. Oh! The II got a new rotary pickup selector close to the lower cutaway, fitted with a funny little handle presumably to aid speed of use.
All though rosewood fingerboards were normally fitted to the Futurama III of this era, I have heard of at least one that has a natural maple looking board. Nothing is definite in this world!
c1963/64 Futurama III
c1963/64 Futurama II
Margaret Butler's 1963 Futurama II (In superb, original condition.)
Competition was now much more fierce than in the Fut's early days. Quite apart from the American guitars for the top-flight guitarists, there was now the new Hofner Galaxie with its
myriad of switches, the Watkins Rapier which if nothing else looked the business, and what about those beautiful Burns guitars which certainly were the business! The red Futurama III soldiered on for another year or so, but even Selmer could see the writing on the wall.
In 1964(c), Selmer introduced the (almost) all new Futurama range. (Almost, because the old Futurama II continued in the catalogue for some time under the name of the "Duo".) These very presentable new guitars were manufactured by Hagstrom in Sweden and were fitted with something called a "King's Neck", which apparently had an "expandable stretcher"; presumably a fancy truss rod.(?) A three pickup Futurama 3 De Luxe and two pickup Futurama 2 De Luxe were offered in "glowing red" or "cool blue". The previous winning formula of lots of switches and a (Hagstrom design) tremolo were maintained on these guitars, and a matching Bass De Luxe rounded off the range.
In fact, Hagstrom had been producing an export-only line for some time prior to these guitars being adopted and given the Futurama name by Selmer. They combined elements of the Hagstrom Kent and Hagstrom II/III models.
(There is a good French website for obtaining further information on the Hagstrom guitar and bass range. Click HERE.)
Two distinct types of Hagstrom/Futurama 2s and 3s were available at various times during this period. One had a plain white scratchplate covering approx 2/3rds of the guitars body. The other had a coloured perspex scratchplate with a central white plastic "cheese-grater" section. This plate was the full size of the guitar top, and was screwed down onto the wooden body.
c1964/65 Futurama 2 and 3 De Luxe - Plain Scratchplate
c1964 Futurama 2 De Luxe - Cheesegrater Scratchplate
c1964/65 Futurama Bass De Luxe
Finally, a more up-market trio of guitar, bass guitar, and six string bass was introduced under the overall model name of Futurama Coronado, Again produced by Hagstrom and based upon the existing Hagstrom Coronado Bass, these ran in parallel in the UK with the De Luxe series above. The Coronados really went to town with the numbers of futuristic switches used to control their electrics. In addition, the "King's neck" on the Coronado Automatic six string guitar was fitted with an Acrylite synthetic fingerboard, claimed to be "warp-proof and impervious to perspiration", and stainless steel frets. Come back Grazioso, all is forgiven.......!
c1965 Futurama Coronado Automatic
c1965 Futurama Coronado 4 & 6 String Basses
The Futurama brand name continued into the late 1960's on the Hagstrom instruments, (and also on a pair of budget priced guitars called the Freshman and the Sophomore), gently fading away together with the Selmer Hofner line as the Japanese imports cleaned up what was left after the US instruments invasion. Futurama guitars were always intended to be a slightly down-market alternative to Hofner in the Selmer catalogue, just as the Futurama amps were the budget alternative to the Selmer Truvoice amps. However, the sunburst Grazioso/Futurama III deserves a far higher recognition than that. It must be considered to be of similar status to the Hofner Club, Senator, and President guitars in the vintage guitar hall of fame.
Tony Thomson back in the 60's with his modified Futurama III. Tony now lives in Cape Town.
Thanks to Dusan Palka, Richard Laws, Larry Wassgren, and Tim Fletcher for their interest and help with the Czech Guitars. Also, if your foreign language skills are good, try this CZECH WEBSITE for a detailed account of the history of Czechoslovakian guitars. (I am indebted to Adela Dvorakova for her superb translation!)
Also, many thanks to Simon Murphy for his help on the Hagstrom Futuramas, and Laszlo for the Freshman and Sophomore catalogue scan.
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